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Short Courses Offered by The UWI Open Campus

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The Montserrat Reporter

October 21, 2022

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USAID Launches Programme to Improve Youth Justice Systems in Eastern Caribbean

The following story is taken from The Voice (online) out of St. Lucia. In presenting the story we begin by seeing once again that Montserrat seems only on very rare occasions to benefit from projects such as this one. So, we ask why this situation continues, and should we believe in this case that Montserrat is so much at ease and comfort that we do not need any assistance with regard to a project such as the one in the article?

The question is truly relevant since there is rarely a week that goes by without some such incident in our schools.

The United States Government, through the United States Agency for International Development Eastern and Southern Caribbean (USAID/ESC) is pleased to announce a new US$5.3 million grant to the Organization Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) Commission to implement the Opportunities to Advance and Support Youth for Success (OASYS) project in the Eastern Caribbean over the next four years

L-R: Acting Regional Representative USAID/ESC, David Billings, and Dr. Carlene Radix, Head of Human and Social Division, OECS Commission.

The project aims to reduce crime and violence rates among young people across the Eastern Caribbean and will focus on strengthening youth justice systems in Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.

OASYS will strengthen existing, and invest in new, programmes that provide skills development, psychosocial support, and family interventions for youth in conflict with the law through collaborations with government and non-government partners, civil society organizations, and the private sector. OASYS will also support partner countries to implement and institutionalize a case management system to monitor young offenders from their initial contact with law enforcement through to his/her successful reintegration into society.


At the project launch in Saint Lucia, Acting USAID/ESC Regional Representative David Billings emphasized, “The United States is committed to working with the OECS, national governments, civil society organizations, the private sector, and most importantly young people and their communities, to provide opportunities for youth to succeed.”

In her remarks at the signing ceremony, Dr. Carlene Radix, Head of the Human and Social Division for the OECS, commented, ”The OECS and USAID Youth Justice Project expands on earlier initiatives which contributed to the transformation of the child justice landscape, and allows for the strengthening of implementation in the spirit of the existing legislation and with the collaboration of the community.”

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15 Signs You May Have Already Had Covid-19, Doctors Reveal

MSN News

The Healthy

by Denise Mann, MS – Sept 22, 2022

TMR Editor: We maintain with the sanction and advice of super medical authority that much of what follows here, if observed early (and even now) and managed accordingly, Montserrat could have been the model of least affected by the pandemic.
See – the old saying still holds “Prevention is better than cure”. Vaccine eventually mentioned, (we caution -check the risks) but our experts still say, from the beginning, it is 100% a priority to become familiar with “you and your health – the best prevention…

Recently, you felt exhausted and had a major stuffy nose and headache. Could it have been Covid-19?

Most of us are aware of the history: the Covid-19 pandemic began in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China in December 2019. Fast-forward almost three years, and in the second half of 2022, according to Johns Hopkins University, there have now been almost 600 million documented Covid-19 cases around the globe. This includes over 93 million confirmed cases in the U.S. and counting. More than one million people have died from Covid-19.

If you haven’t been diagnosed with Covid-19 by now, it might feel like you’re one of the lucky few. Or maybe, just maybe, you already had Covid and didn’t realize it because your symptoms were so mild. (This might have made any Covid-19 booster side effects worth it!)

If you have felt a little “off” in recent months but didn’t know quite what was going on, here are 14 silent signs that you may have been infected with Covid-19—and what that means for you now.

Have Acne, Eczema or Psoriasis? Know This About Your Monkeypox Risk, and a Doctor’s Prevention Tips

15 Signs You May Have Already Had Covid-19, Doctors Reveal
© kasto80/Getty Images

Covid-19 sign: You’ve got natural antibodies

Matthew B. Laurens, MD, MPH, a professor of pediatrics at the University of Maryland School of Medicine in Baltimore, says no one is recommending routine antibody testing to see if you have had COVID-19 or have mounted a response to the COVID-19 vaccines at this time. However, these tests are available. “There is an antibody test that can tell you if you have been exposed to natural infection, and there is a different antibody test that looks at response to the COVID-19 vaccine,” Laurens explains.

Specifically, antibodies to nucleocapsid protein only appear if you have recovered from Covid-19, while vaccines and natural infection produce an antibody to spike proteins. “If you are positive for antibodies to the spike protein and negative for antibodies to nucleocapsid protein, you have been vaccinated, but not exposed,” he says—adding: “If you are positive for both, you have had COVID-19 and you may or may not have been vaccinated.”

There is still a lot research is discovering about antibodies, including how long they last and what level is considered most protective…or, for how long.

Covid-19 sign: You were feeling run down a few months back 

Fatigue is a common symptom—and lingering effect—of Covid-19. But for those of us with busy lives (that’s just about everyone!), sometimes it’s simply hard to tell typical tiredness from something more serious. “If you didn’t feel sick enough to consider getting tested, you could have had Covid-19 and recovered without an official diagnosis.”

Screenshot our infographic for handy reference anytime.

Spotting Covid 19 Graphic
© Grace Luxton/The Healthy, Getty Images567

Covid-19 sign: Brain fog

Changes related to the brain—undiagnosed or uncharacteristic depression, confusion or trouble focusing, as examples—are pervasive Covid-19 symptoms that haven’t gotten a great deal of attention. Read What Is Covid-19 Brain Fog—and How Do You Get Rid of It?

Covid-19 sign: Your fever and cough weren’t the flu

You had a fever for days, a hacking cough, and were exhausted, but your flu test was negative. It could have been Covid-19, says Adam Spivak, MD, an infectious disease doctor at the University of Utah in Salt Lake City, noting that flu season and the Covid-19 pandemic overlapped.

In the past year, doctors have seen cases of flurona. “If you weren’t tested at the time or you were negative for other tests such as the flu, it could have been Covid-19,” Spivak says. “There is so much overlap with colds or flu and coronavirus symptoms, which is why testing for Covid-19 has been so emphasized.” (We’ve broken down the flu vs. coronavirus symptoms here.)

Covid-19 sign: You suddenly lost your sense of smell or taste

You’ve heard this: loss of sense of smell or taste is a hallmark of Covid-19 infection with earlier variants. What you may not know is that these symptoms are not a slam dunk by any stretch, says Benjamin Singer, MD, an assistant professor in pulmonary and critical care at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago.

Covid-19 sign: Your hair is falling out in clumps

If you’re noticing hair loss, it could be due to a past infection with Covid-19, says Alexis Young, MD, a dermatologist at Hackensack University Medical Center in New Jersey. “This phenomenon is known as telogen effluvium and occurs when physical or psychological stress causes hair roots to be pushed into a resting state prematurely,” she explains. “It’s not specific to Covid-19, but I am seeing lots more of it among people who are recovering from Covid-19, including some who may not have known they were infected in the first place.”

The good news is that your hair will likely come back. “Hair follicles aren’t permanently damaged with telogen effluvium,” this dermatologist says. “Shedding can continue up to six months, and full recovery can take up to 18 months because hair grows back so slowly.”

Covid-19 sign: You’ve got hives 

Post-Covid-19 hives are a phenomenon health professionals have observed, Young says. “We are also seeing viral exanthems, which is a skin rash that is often related to a viral infection after Covid-19,” she says.

These seem to be more common in children than adults and can even occur if you didn’t have any noticeable Covid-19 symptoms. These hives and rashes usually resolve on their own with judicious use of moisturizer or topical steroids, if the itch is particularly bothersome.

Covid-19 sign: Your loved ones were infected

If Covid-19 passed through your house taking no prisoners except you, it’s possible you were infected and didn’t realize it. Many people who are infected with this virus have mild or no symptoms, and Omicron reportedly produces even milder symptoms than other variants—especially among people who are vaccinated or boosted, says Dr. Len Horovitz.

Covid-19 sign: You just didn’t test at the right time

It’s possible you missed the infection even if you were tested, Horovitz says. “Any test you take is snapshot of the past 12 to 24 hours, and you can’t extrapolate from a single test,” he says. “Depending on when and how you tested, you may not have caught the infection.” At-home Covid-19 antigen tests aren’t that sensitive either, so you may have received a false negative.

Covid-19 sign: Your toes were affected

“Covid toes” can happen, Dr. Singer says. Covid toes are marked by purple or red, itchy wounds. “Skin manifestations, particularly of the toes, could be something that makes people who weren’t tested look back and say, ‘Was that a manifestation of Covid-19?'” he says.

He cautions that toes with this appearance aren’t a sure sign of Covid-19, as there could be other causes. If you have questions, talk to your doctor.

Adult woman being sick
© Brothers91/Getty Images

Covid-19 sign: Your stomach was acting up

Covid-19 is a respiratory illness, but not everyone coughs or gets short of breath. For some, diarrhea may be the only sign of infection, Dr. Horovitz says.

If you have digestive symptoms such as diarrhea, nausea, or vomiting and were in contact with individuals infected with Covid-19, you should have a higher index of suspicion, he says. (Also, these remedies for diarrhea may help.)

Covid-19 sign: You had a stroke out of the blue

There’s a link between Covid-19 and stroke risk, even among younger patients. Here’s what doctors and researchers know so far about stroke risk and coronavirus.

Also, here are the warning signs of stroke, and what to do if you suspect a stroke.

Covid-19 sign: You woke up with pink eye

Pink eye infection, or conjunctivitis, may be a sign of coronavirus—but this has been relatively rare, according to the American Academy of Ophthalmology. If you develop pink eye, don’t panic. “Call your ophthalmologist to let them know and follow their instructions for care,” the Academy suggests.

Covid-19 sign: You’ve got cotton mouth

Is your dry mouth a symptom of Covid-19?

Maybe. As many as 40 percent of people with Covid-19 may experience symptoms of dry mouth during or after the illness, according to a study in the Journal of Dental Research. And now research in the journal Nature Medicine provides clues as to how Covid-19 affects the mouth and saliva.

Researchers from Wellcome Sanger Institute in Cambridge, U.K. and other organizations in the U.S. and U.K. identified the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 receptor, or ACE2 receptor, in cells of the salivary glands and tissues lining the mouth. This is the protein that SARS-CoV-2 locks into for entry into the body.

They also found that the virus can multiply in the cells of your salivary glands.

Covid-19 sign: You’re experiencing “phantom smells”

Some people recovering from Covid-19 report that they constantly smell smoke, garbage, or even skunk-like odors that aren’t really there. These phantom smells tend to become more common over time, with recent figures suggesting that about 25 percent of people experienced these otherwise unexplainable smells soon after diagnosis, according to the preprint server medRxiv. (This information has not yet been peer-reviewed.)

How to prevent Covid-19 infection

There is still a huge role for prevention, Horovitz says. “Get vaccinated and boostered when you are able to,” he says. “Wear masks when inside public spaces and places and practice social distancing.” (Here’s why you still need to wear a mask indoors if you’re vaccinated.)

Also be sure to wash your hands with soap or water before, during, and after preparing food or eating. Also wash after caring for someone at home who is sick, treating a cut or wound, going to the bathroom, changing diapers, blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing. If a sink isn’t available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60 percent alcohol.

Next, find out who is at highest risk from Covid-19.

Follow The Healthy on FacebookInstagram, and Twitter. Keep reading:

Next, find out who is at highest risk from Covid-19.

Follow The Healthy on FacebookInstagram, and Twitter. Keep reading:

The post 15 Signs You May Have Already Had Covid-19, Doctors Reveal appeared first on The Healthy.

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Fight with Vitamin D – in Israel with Dr. John Campbell

Vitamin D in Israel!

Dr. John Campbell
Dr. Michael Cohen

This video is for educational purposes only and must not replace advice from your own health care provider. Always consult your own doctor before taking any medication or supplements.
Dr. Michael Cohen discusses the importance of Vitamin D and zinc for the optimisation of the immune system. Vitamin K2 is also used to distribute calcium to the correct tissues.
Thank you Dr. Cohen for this excellent explanation of preventing and minimising infection by enabling the amazing natural immune response.
Dr. Cohan, Surgery details

As the Government and medical authorities only continue to push getting the vaccines, and otherwise do not guide and advise on the lives they pretend to protect; the people who for one reason or another who are able to think beyond, their survival of the ‘pandemic’, here is help to strengthen their resolve.

Preparing to fight COVID-19 (viruses)
Much to learn for you and your responsibilties own lives
The UK makes plans for the possible onslaught of Omicron
Has this problem been resolved?

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H. E. presents…

Good Night Montserrat

Enjoy a Hybrid AFW LitFest This Week 

BRADES, Montserrat (November 14, 2021) – Whether you live in Montserrat or thousands of miles away you will have the opportunity to experience the 13th Alliouagana Festival of the Word. 

The official dates are November 18 to 20, however, activities begin from Monday the 15th under the theme Our Future, Our Stories. 

Festival Coordinator, Nerissa Golden of Goldenmedia said she was delighted to be facilitating another exciting programme to celebrate our love for books and the people who create them. 

Starting Monday at 10 a.m. the Public Library in Brades will host a week-long exhibition called Write Montserrat: A Literary Retrospective of Our Island’s Authors. The collection will showcase the works of local authors in a variety of genres. 

On Monday at 7 a.m, the Good Night Montserrat series sponsored by the Governor’s Office will begin on Facebook. 

“We invited book lovers to submit a video of themselves reading their favourite children’s stories. We have received submissions from around the world and are excited to share them with our fans,” Golden revealed. 

Residents are encouraged to gather along the Carr’s Bay main road on Thursday, November 18, at 10 a.m. for the Book Parade. This colourful street parade allows primary school children to bring their favourite storybook characters to life. 

The Alphonsus “Arrow” Cassell Memorial Lecture will be aired on Friday evening on the festival’s Facebook page. Two engaging panel discussions make up the programme starting at 7:30 PM. 

The Saturday morning workshops begin online at 10 AM and focus on various aspects of digital publishing from idea to final production and sales. These workshops are brought to you with the support of the Montserrat Public Library. 

Books by eight Montserratian authors will be celebrated at the Saturday evening gala. Starting at 6 PM at the Montserrat Cultural Centre, this elegant evening is a fundraising event and will highlight the new works of authors including Edwin L. Martin, Shirley Osborne, Norman Ryan and Jennifer Joseph. 

The 13th annual Alliouagana Festival of the Word is sponsored by the Montserrat Arts Council, Goldenmedia, Governor’s Office, the Ministry of Education, Digicel, Montserrat Volcano Observatory, and Friends of AFW LitFest.

Follow the 2021 literary festival activities on Facebook at AFWLitFest or via #AFWLitFest. 

Nerissa Golden
CEO/Creative Director
Goldenmedia LLC

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CXC Executive Search – Vacancy

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Everyday Health Logo

8 Whole Grains That Can Help Prevent or Manage Type 2 Diabetes

Adapted: for the Diabetic (and the would-be diabetic). Something for everyone – follow the links.

Everyday Health Logo
The 8 Best Whole Grains for Type 2 Diabetes | Everyday Health

Making the switch from simple to complex carbs can help stabilize your blood sugar, rev weight loss, and prevent heart disease.

Moira Lawler

By Moira LawlerMedically Reviewed by Lynn Grieger, RDN, CDCES Reviewed: October 29, 2020

jars of grains
Whole grains, including buckwheat, bulgur, and quinoa, are packed with fiber.
Natasa Mandic/Stocksy

Scientists have long known that an important step in preventing and managing type 2 diabetes is replacing refined, simple sugars in the diet with more complex sources. One of the main reasons is that complex carbohydrates lead to better blood sugar management compared with refined grains, according to the American Heart Association (AHA). Refined grains, which can be found in foods including white rice and pasta, tend to result in surges in blood sugar, or glucose, shortly after eating — and energy crashes a little while later. On the other hand, complex carbohydrates such as whole grains (brown rice and whole-wheat pasta) take comparatively longer to digest, which results in a steady release of glucose into the bloodstream.

RELATED: Small Increase in Whole Grains, Fruits, and Veggies Cuts Type 2 Diabetes Risk

Why? In part, because whole grains are good sources of fiber, which helps slow the absorption of glucose, according to the Cleveland Clinic. “A simple carb, meaning no fiber, that’s going to break down really fast and go right into the bloodstream,” says Joelle Malinowski, RD, a certified diabetes care and education specialist with Ellis Medicine in Schenectady, New York. “Fiber takes more time to digest, so it slows down the digestion of the carbohydrate and gives you better blood sugar control during the day.”

Most whole grains have a moderate glycemic load (GL), which measures a food’s impact on rising blood sugar, with low being the least likely to lead to sudden spikes, according to Harvard Health Publishing. A GL of 20 and up is considered high, between 11 and 19 is considered medium, and 10 or less is low, per Oregon State University.

RELATED: How Do You Tell the Difference Between Good and Bad Carbohydrates?

Kimberly Rose-Francis, RDN, a certified diabetes care and education specialist based in Sebring, Florida, says whole grains can also help with weight control. Weight management is top of mind for people with type 2 diabetes since overweight and obesity increase the risk and makes the disease more difficult to manage. According to a review published in September 2018 in Nutrients, consuming 60 to 90 grams (g) of whole grains per day (or about two or three servings) was associated with a 21 to 32 percent risk of type 2 diabetes, compared with those who ate whole grains never or less frequently.

What’s more, a diet filled with fibrous whole grains promotes a healthy heart, Malinowski says. According to a meta-analysis published in 2016 in The BMJ, whole-grain intake was associated with a decreased risk of cardiovascular disease. That’s important because adults with type 2 diabetes are 2 to 4 times more likely to die of heart disease than adults without diabetes, according to the AHA.

Here, explore eight types of whole grains that could help with type 2 diabetes prevention and management. Rose-Francis recommends swapping them in for refined grains in your diet. When you’re just starting out, be sure to monitor for signs of gastrointestinal distress and always talk with your doctor before making any major changes to your diet, Malinowski warns.

1 Brown Rice

brown rice in bowl on green counter

Laura Adani/Stocksy

study published in Archives of Internal Medicine showed that eating five or more servings of white rice each week led to an increased risk of diabetes. Conversely, consuming just two servings of brown rice each week led to a lower risk. And it’s as easy as it sounds: The data indicated that replacing roughly one-third of a daily serving of white rice with brown rice would lead to a 16 percent reduction in overall type 2 diabetes risk.

Brown rice has a medium GL of 16, according to Oregon State University. A ½-cup serving has 39 g of carbs and is a good source of magnesium, with 60 milligrams (mg) for 14 percent of the daily value (DV) and 2 mg of niacin for 10 percent of the DV, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Magnesium helps regulate muscles and nerve function, blood pressure, and blood sugar levels, making it a worthy choice for anyone managing diabetes as well, according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), while niacin is a B vitamin that keeps the nervous system, digestive system, and skin healthy, according to the Mayo Clinic.

RELATED: Why You Might Need More Magnesium if You’re Managing Type 2 Diabetes

2 Bulgur

bowl of bulgur


Diabetes experts speculate that other whole grains such as bulgur wheat could play a similar role in the diabetes diet when eaten in place of simple, refined carbohydrates. In fact, the researchers behind the Archives of Internal Medicine study theorized that replacing white rice with whole grains could possibly lower the risk of diabetes by as much as 36 percent. A 1-cup serving of cooked bulgur is an excellent source of fiber, with 8.19 g for 32 percent of the DV, and has 33.8 g of carbs, according to the USDA. It has a medium GL of 12, according to Oregon State University.

3 Oats

oats in pink bowl

Natasa Mandic/Stocksy

Oats are a food that is high in fiber and hence can control blood sugar levels,” Rose-Francis says. They’re a popular whole-grain choice for someone managing diabetes because they’re easy to include in your breakfast routine. According to the USDA, ½ cup of cooked oatmeal in the morning counts as the equivalent of 1 ounce of whole grains. That serving has 14 g of carbs and about 2.5 g of fiber for 9 percent of the DV, according to the USDA. A systematic review and meta-analysis published in December 2015 in Nutrients analyzed 14 controlled trials and two observational studies, and the authors concluded that oat intake significantly reduced A1C levels, fasting glucose levels, and cholesterol among people with diabetes.

Oats have a medium GL of 13, according to Oregon State University. Just go for steel-cut or rolled oats over instant if you can. “Instant ones are more processed, and the more processed, the less fiber there is,” Malinowski says.

RELATED: The Best Oatmeal for People With Type 2 Diabetes

4 Buckwheat

buckwheat in a bowl on blue counter

Harald Walker/Stocksy

By choosing buckwheat flour instead of regular white flour for baking, you can get a big boost to your soluble fiber content, an important consideration in a diabetes diet. “One of the most important qualities of soluble fiber is its ability to help regulate blood glucose levels,” says Steven Joyal, MD, author of What Your Doctor May Not Tell You About Diabetes and chief medical officer for the Life Extension Foundation based in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. “It slows the rate at which glucose is metabolized and absorbed from the intestines.” A small study published in December 2016 in Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences found that eating a breakfast with buckwheat improved glucose tolerance through lunchtime.

According to the USDA, ¼ cup of buckwheat flour — baked goods can be a great way to enjoy this whole grain — has 3 g of fiber for 11 percent of the DV, 1.44 mg of iron for 8 percent of the DV, and 22 g of carbs. Buckwheat has a medium GL, and a slice of buckwheat bread has a GL of 13, according to the University of Sydney

5 Farro

farro in brown wooden bowl

Jeff Wasserman/Stocksy

This ancient grain looks a lot like brown rice and has a nutty flavor, according to the Mayo Clinic. It can be prepared like risotto and is easy to add to stews, casseroles, and salads, according to Michigan State University Extension.

It’s loaded with nutrients, including fiber, iron, protein, and magnesium. Iron promotes growth and development and helps the body make hemoglobin, which delivers oxygen to all parts of the body, according to the NIH.

A ½-cup serving of cooked farro has 7 g of fiber for 25 percent of the DV, 7 g of protein, and 37 g of carbs, per Bob’s Red MillErin Palinski-Wade, RD, a certified diabetes care and education specialist based in Sparta, New Jersey, says farro has a glycemic index of 45 and therefore has a medium GL of 13.5.

RELATED: 8 Healthy Carbs for People With Type 2 Diabetes

6 Quinoa

jar of quinoa dry


Quinoa, another versatile food that Webb recommends as a delicious side dish, may be new to your menu. Although quinoa is commonly thought of as a whole grain, it’s actually a highly nutritious seed that is high in protein and fiber. A 1-cup serving of quinoa has 39 g of carbs, 5 g of fiber for 18 percent of the DV, and 8 g of protein, according to the USDA. Quinoa has a medium GL of 13, according to Oregon State University.

Dr. Joyal explains how fiber from quinoa and whole grains can help. “Fiber adds bulk to your diet, so it helps you feel full and more satisfied,” he says. “You are less likely to overeat.” And appetite control is important to keep you on a calorie-conscious diabetes diet. Try mixing quinoa into rice to help you get used to the taste, Malinowski says.

RELATED: More Evidence Suggests Whole Grains May Help Prevent Type 2 Diabetes


Minimalist Skin‑Care Routines: What Are Theyand Who Should Try Them? | Everyday Health

7 Wheat Berries

Wheat berries wheat berry

Cris Kelly/Alamy

Wheat berries are actually just whole, unprocessed kernels of wheat, and they’re another tasty whole grain that Webb recommends for people on a diabetes diet. You can make all kinds of dishes with this versatile grain — cook them as a side dish, serve them for breakfast as you would oatmeal, and top with a sprinkling of nuts and berries, or toss them into your salads for a nutty accent.

Wheat berries have a medium GL of 11, according to Oregon State University, and a ¼-cup serving contains 33 g of carbohydrates and 5 g of fiber for about 18 percent of the DV, according to Bluebird Grain Farms.

8 Barley

white and yellow bowl filled with barley

Harald Walker/Stocksy

Fiber’s also the main benefit of barley for people with type 2 diabetes. One cup of pearled, cooked barley features 6 g of fiber for about 21 percent of the DV and 44 g of carbs, per the USDA.

study involving 20 participants that was published in September 2015 in the British Journal of Nutrition found that eating bread made of barley kernels for three days at breakfast, lunch, and dinner led to improvements with metabolism, insulin sensitivity, and appetite control as well as decreases in blood sugar and insulin levels. The researchers said the effects were due to barley’s fiber content increasing the number of good bacteria in the gut and releasing helpful hormones.

Pearled barley has a medium GL of 12, according to Oregon State University.

RELATED: 7 Healthy Meal Tips for Type 2 Diabetes


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COVID-19 pandemic - simple but effective terms of CARE

COVID-19 pandemic – simple but effective terms of CARE

Public Health Emergency

Center for Disease Control: Coronavirus

The COVID-19 pandemic, also known as the coronavirus pandemic, is an ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). It was first identified in December 2019 in Wuhan,…

Disease: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID19)

Virus strain:
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)

Date: December 2019 – present

Index case: WuhanHubeiChina

Symptoms: Symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure to the virus. People with these symptoms may have COVID19: Cough, shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, fever, chills, muscle pain, sore throat, new loss of taste or smell.

Incubation period:
The median incubation period for COVID19 is four to five days. Most symptomatic people experience symptoms within two to seven days after exposure.

Mode of transmission:
Human-to-human transmission via respiratory droplets

Prevention tips:
Avoiding close contact with sick individuals; frequently washing hands with soap and water; not touching the eyes, nose, or mouth with unwashed hands; and practicing good respiratory hygiene

Research: COVID19 Open Research Dataset (CORD-19)

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Compulsory Jabs vs the Nuremberg Code

Contribution Part 115 – 2021 # 08)

Have our authorities overstepped their bounds by moving towards compulsory vaccinations? (What does the post-WWII Nuremberg Code have to say?)

BRADES, Montserrat, July 7, 2021 –  A recent Government of Montserrat Human Resources circular of June 30th entitled “Updated Guidance on Discretionary Leave Provisions” has come to our attention here at TMR. In key parts, it reads:

“Public officers who apply for and are awarded Government Scholarships to study at institutions  abroad  will,  from the academic  year  2021/2022  be  required  to  be vaccinated before traveling to take up these awards . . . . It will also be a requirement for public officers attending training courses abroad to be fully vaccinated.”

Of course, given the third jab proposed for Autumn this year and reports of a train of onward booster shots every year or even every six months (as TMR has already reported[1]), “fully vaccinated” is a meaningless, dead term.  No, given what officials and even BBC[2] have said, it’s not “two jabs plus two weeks and you’re good to go.” BBC: “[p]lans for a Covid booster jab programme in the autumn will be set out in the next few weeks, [now former UK Health Secretary] Matt Hancock has said.”

Now, given utterly unnecessary sharp polarisation and accusations such as “incitement,” a point of clarification: there is evidence that vaccines can be effective and fairly safe. However, as risk is not evenly distributed in the population, if one has a significant medical history, consult a physician before any serious medical intervention. Where, too, if a train of treatments is in view, overall risks obviously can rise with such repeated exposure.

However, the bigger question raised by the circular is compulsory treatment – “required,” “a requirement” –  in the context of rushed experimental vaccines that to date only have emergency or contingent authorisation, not full approval. Tests for long-term effects and risks cannot be rushed.

Where, this obviously means – never mind objections by officialdom – they are still experimental and of course, there are significant concerns about risks.  Also, after the horrific Nazi medical experiments,[3] the Nuremberg Courts that judged war criminals issued a code for experimental medical treatments, which was then embedded in international and national law as well as in ethical standards for medical and research practice. This Nuremberg Code reads, in key parts[4]:

“[C]ertain types of medical experiments on human beings, when kept within reasonably well-defined bounds, conform to the ethics of the medical profession generally . . . certain basic principles must be observed in order to satisfy moral, ethical and legal concepts . . . The voluntary consent of the human subject is absolutely essential. This means that the person involved should have the legal capacity to give consent; should be so situated as to be able to exercise free power of choice, without the intervention of any element of force, fraud, deceit, duress, overreaching, or other ulterior[5] form of constraint or coercion; and should have sufficient knowledge and comprehension of the elements of the subject matter involved as to enable him to make an understanding and enlightened decision.”

A statement by Frontline Doctors group on Ivermectin

This is already decisive.

For, this means, sing- off- the- same- hymn- sheet PR talking points that suppress or stigmatise significant alternative views held by qualified people or simple concerns raised by the public are unethical and create liability. This includes marginalising concerns on risks of treatments,[6] the manifest fact that we are dealing with an unprecedented rushed global vaccination experiment, and issues regarding unduly sidelined evidence[7] that treatments such as Ivermectin-based cocktails can be effective. 

In short, it is arguable that we have not been given a balanced briefing that includes a true and fair view of reasonable alternatives, concerns, and risks.

Even if one could argue that we are increasingly or already beyond “experimental” treatment, a fortiori logic applies.

That is, if coercion, manipulation, hidden motives, and suppression of reasonable alternatives and/or concerns are improper for medical experiments, for cause – “how much more”  or “just like that” – they are also equally unacceptable for treatments in general. So, denial of the experimental status of the rushed vaccines does not allow one to wriggle off the hook.

The Nuremberg Code continues:

“[B]efore the acceptance of an affirmative decision by the experimental subject there should be made known to him the nature, duration, and purpose of the experiment; the method and means by which it is to be conducted; all inconveniences and hazards reasonably to be expected; and the effects upon his health or person which may possibly come from his participation in the experiment . . .”

With a third jab and onward train of booster shots already being on the table, with emerging issues and concerns on risks (think, blood clots and heart issues for young men) and more,  it is simple fair comment to note that such informed consent has long since been undermined. Obviously, informed consent applies “just as much” to more or less established treatments.

Then, we see:

“The experiment should be such as to yield fruitful results for the good of society, unprocurable by other methods or means of study, and not random and unnecessary in nature . . .”

Dr. John Campbell of the UK summarises how the degree of use of Ivermectin across Peru’s 25 states [33 million population] is linked to a reduction in Covid-19 deaths, there are similar results in Mexico and India

So, if there is reasonable access to and evidence of plausibly effective, less risky treatments (such as Ivermectin), then that should be fairly investigated and frankly disclosed.

Similarly, naturally acquired immunity is known to be highly effective. Some even suggest that it can be superior to that from many vaccines. So, why aren’t we testing for natural immunity before vaccinations and insisting on vaccinating people who have had and recovered from Covid-19?

The other methods or means test is also significant.

For, why are we using “gold standard” criteria for “evidence” that block the voice of otherwise valid “real-world evidence” and rule out otherwise plausibly credible treatments?

This lends added force to our next snippet from the Nuremberg Code:

“Proper preparations should be made and adequate facilities provided to protect the experimental subject against even remote possibilities of injury, disability or death . . .”

That speaks for itself, especially when we see:

“During the course of the experiment, the human subject should be at liberty to bring the experiment to an end if he has reached the physical or mental state where continuation of the experiment seems to him to be impossible.”

Resort to compulsion cannot be justified. The circular above is ill-advised and the precedent it may set is dangerous.

Accordingly, we find a final duty of those in charge of medical interventions:

“During the course of the experiment the scientist in charge must be prepared to terminate the experiment at any stage, if he has probable cause to believe, in the exercise of the good faith, superior skill and careful judgment required of him, that a continuation of the experiment is likely to result in injury, disability, or death to the experimental subject. “

Where, for cause, the attempted defence: “We were following the orders of legitimate authorities” was rejected by the Courts at Nuremberg.

This you will find does have some bearing to the United Nations “International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)”

[1] TMR, June 25, 2021:

[2] See BBC:  and

[3] See

[4] See,

[5] That is, hidden.

[6] TMR

[7] TMR,

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